What is Preschool?
Preschool is an early childhood program in which children combine learning with play in a program led by professionally trained adults. Children are most often enrolled in preschools between the ages of three and five, although children as young as two can attend some schools. Preschool differs from traditional daycare in that it emphasizes learning and development rather than allowing parents to work or pursue other activities.
Types of preschool programs
PRIVATE PRESCHOOLS: - Private preschools operate as for-profit, independent non-profit organizations and programs sponsored by religious organizations. These are mostly partial programs. Some so-called junior schools are affiliated with private schools and maintain an educational philosophy consistent with the parent institution. Although the margin is small, in 2001 private kindergartens still claimed the majority of total preschool enrollment. The quality of education at private preschools varies from program to program. Regulation is primarily carried out by state child welfare agencies, but regulation varies from state to state. Also Check This Article Best Business Ideas to get into the preschool industry
Since 1965, the federal Head Start program has provided free education for young children in many low-income families across the United States. In 2000, Head Start served 11 percent of all three- and four-year-old children in the United States. In 2001, Head Start reported enrolling more than 900,000 children, at a cost of roughly $7,000 per child. Head Start programs are available in all 50 states and are offered in a variety of formats, including full-day and half-day programs. Some of these are held at the public school that the child will eventually attend.
There has been debate about the effectiveness of Head Start since its inception. Research has shown that children enrolled in Head Start make immediate, measurable gains on cognitive tests; however, researchers disagree on the long-term impact. Some research has shown that Head Start has long-lasting effects on academic ability and achievement that do not fade over time. These effects include: sustained gains in test scores, fewer repeat grades, and fewer placements in special education programs. Other long-term benefits include higher high school graduation rates and lower crime and delinquency rates. As adults, Head Start graduates have a better chance of getting better jobs and making more money. Also read this post 6 Important Hygiene Tips That You Can Teach Your Child
On the other hand, some experts believe that research shows that disadvantaged children in Head Start start out a step behind and never catch up. One of the main concerns of the program is its teachers, who were only subsequently required to have two-year degrees and who earned less than half the average salary of a public school teacher. To help determine the effectiveness of Head Start, a research project called The National Head Start Impact Study has been underway since 2004. His plan is to follow 5,000 to 6,000 preschoolers through 2006 to see if Head Start is effective and how Head Start works best. children.
PUBLIC NURSERY SCHOOLS :-
A growing number of states have begun funding preschool programs offered in public schools, called preschool (or pre-K) programs. They may be administered by a local school board or by an independent contractor paid by the state. Like private kindergartens, they can operate all day or only half a day.
Most state preschool programs began as Head Start and focused their services on children with the greatest needs, whether they were children with disabilities or children from low-income families. Most states in the early 2000s have decided that their preschool programs will serve children from low-income families or children who have other risk factors that put them at greater risk for school failure or educational problems. These risk factors may include having a disability, being the child of teenage parents, or having limited English language skills. Georgia was the first state to have a universally available preschool program, which began in 1995. It is still the only state to make preschool available to all students. Other states, including West Virginia and Florida, are preparing long-term plans to transition to universal kindergarten.
Research tends to find that public preschool programs (public schools and Head Start) show greater effects on children than private preschools. One reason is that public school programs provide the same quality of service whether children are rich or poor, while the quality of private providers is lower for children from lower-income families. It can be a challenge to get what a parent can pay for. Most longitudinal research on the effects of preschool has focused on low-income children. There is very little data on any long-term benefits for middle-class children.
Kindergarten good features
According to the National Institute of Early Education, the types of educational activities and classroom emphasis that contribute to the quality of children's early education include:
1. Persistence in working on tasks, following instructions and opportunities to learn good listening skills
2. Read interactive books that focus on language and literacy skills
3. Focus on teaching children problem-solving skills
4. Help children expand their knowledge and increase their vocabulary
5. Opportunity to learn basic skills such as alphabet, numbers and spatial awareness
6. Focus on scientific thinking skills, not just information about the everyday environment, the world, and how things work
7. Emphasis on teaching literacy and basic mathematics through various activities and projects.
8. Opportunities for preschool children to engage in music, art and drama
9. Educational programs that involve parents and allow them to observe and participate in classroom activities.
Many children who have attended quality preschool programs have had their lives changed for the better. During the first five years of life, children develop basic skills that prepare them for success in school and life. Numerous studies have shown that quality preschools improve performance, behavior, and school readiness in economically disadvantaged children. Children who attend kindergarten have been shown to earn more, experience more stable family lives, and become more responsible citizens than when they did not. Socially ready for kindergarten. Either way, daycare offers the usual benefits for both parents and children. A good program helps children develop gross and fine motor skills, improve language and communication skills, and be creative. Also Check easy craft ideas for kids .
Disadvantages of kindergarten
The greatest academic and social progress that can be seen in preschool education is in children who have deprived backgrounds. However, few programs have the quality required to deliver the promised benefits. The cost of quality programs can be much higher than the cost of studying at some public universities. However, most preschool children are not at risk, and some researchers believe that providing educational toys, games, and books can provide similar benefits to children at home. They don't give the necessary person. This is especially dangerous if daycare centers do not follow the National Early Childhood Education Association's recommended teacher-to-child ratio of no more than 10 preschool per staff member. One-on-one education is an advantage that parents cannot find in any kindergarten. There are opportunities to play with other children in churches, clubs, and other settings where children can learn social skills. What children need most is play and plenty of free time. And some believe it's an intimate interaction with parents that can be undermined if a child is away from home for long periods of time.